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Impact of phonological processing skills on written language acquisition in illiterate adults

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 2, pp. 129-138. Study which found that phonological awareness in the narrower sense (e.g., phoneme association) was a stronger predictor of successful alphabetization in adults than demographic variables such as years of education. The alphabetization of adults requires and enhances phonological processes similar to those of children, though despite improvement of illiterate individuals in phonological awareness, short-term memory, and visual attention from before to after the alphabetization course, they did not reach the phonological processing level of literate controls (and may use a different part of the brain).

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